Cell Membrane Function In Eukaryotic Cells. The plasma membrane or cell membrane acts as a protective coating for the cell in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Eukaryotic cells have the nucleus enclosed within the nuclear membrane.
Different from other eukaryotic cells, such as plant cells, because they have no cell walls, and chloroplasts, and usually they have smaller vacuole, not even any. Also covers the phospholipid bilayer and microvilli. The cells divide by a process called mitosis.
Prokaryotic cells are not as complex as eukaryotic cells.they have no true nucleus as the dna is not contained within a membrane or separated from the rest of the cell, but is coiled up in a region of the cytoplasm called the nucleoid.
Like bacteria and archaea, eukaryotic cells have a plasma membrane, a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins that separates the internal contents of the cell from its surrounding environment. The nucleus in eukaryotic cell contains a nuclear membrane which protects the genetic material dna. The cell membrane encloses the protoplasm and maintains the individuality of the cell. Like a prokaryotic cell, a eukaryotic cell has a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and ribosomes.